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History of Jackson County

Jackson County Courthouse - Sylva, North Carolina

Jackson County was formed from Haywood and Macon counties in 1851. It is in the western section of the ztate and is bounded by the states of South Carolina and Georgia, and Macon, Swain, Haywood, and Transylvania counties.

Jackson County's first court was ordered to be held at the home of Daniel Bryson, Sr., and after that session the courts were held at Allen Fisher's store until the courthouse was erected. In 1852, an act was passed authorizing an election to be held to decide on moving the county seat from Webster to Sylva. The election was held May 8, 1913, and was carried by a majority of 675. Sylva furnished the site and $10,000 in cash for the new courthouse.

Jackson County was named in honor of Andrew Jackson, who won an overwhelming victory from the British at New Orleans in 1815 and who was twice elected as President of the United States.

Jackson County is a world unto itself in the high country, it has green mountain valleys at 3,500 feet and higher, and mountain peaks raising to 5,000 above sealevel. Jackson County is a land of dense forest, mountain lakes, whitewater streams, and countless waterfalls. The county slogan here is, "take time, unwind and set your own pace."

Jackson County is in the far eastern Nantahala National Forest. The southern half of Jackson County North Carolina, like Oconee County South Carolina and Rabun County Georgia are on the east-side of the Eastern Continental Divide. This natural watershed guides the waters of the Blue Ridge Mountains east to the Atlantic Ocean, while watershed on the western side of the Eastern Continental Divide guides the mountain waters to the Gulf of Mexico.

- Source: J.D. Lewis - Little River, SC


More Information

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 33,121 people, 13,191 households, and 8,587 families residing in the county. The population density was 68 people per square mile (26/km²). There were 19,291 housing units at an average density of 39 per square mile (15/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 85.68% White, 1.67% Black or African American, 10.20% Native American, 0.51% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.55% from other races, and 1.38% from two or more races. 1.74% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 18.5% were of American, 13.7% English, 11.3% Irish, 10.5% German and 9.2% Scots-Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. 95.3% spoke English, 2.1% Spanish and 1.5% Cherokee as their first language.

There were 13,191 households out of which 25.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.40% were married couples living together, 10.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.90% were non-families. 27.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.79.

In the county the population was spread out with 19.00% under the age of 18, 17.90% from 18 to 24, 24.40% from 25 to 44, 25.00% from 45 to 64, and 13.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 95.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,552, and the median income for a family was $40,876. Males had a median income of $27,738 versus $22,029 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,582. About 9.50% of families and 15.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.70% of those under age 18 and 15.20% of those age 65 or over.

- Source: Wikipedia