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Polk

Cities and Towns in Polk County

Click on the towns below to visit their websites
Polk County Political Parties
Schools
k - 12


Polk County Virtual Early College


Polk County High School


Polk County Middle School


Polk Central Elementary School


Saluda Elementary School

Sunny View Elementary School


Tryon Elementary School



Churches

Beulah Church    

Pea Ridge

 

Big Level Church  

Mill Spring

 

Byars Church    

Pea Ridge

 

Cooper Gap Church 

Lake Lure

 

Faith Church      

Mill Spring

 

Faith Temple     

Mill Spring

 

Fellowship Church 

Landrum

 

Fork Creek Church 

Saluda

 

Friendship Church  

Saluda

 

Grays Chapel    

Pea Ridge

 

Green Creek Church 

Pea Ridge

 

Green River Church  

Fingerville

 

Lebanon Church 

Pea Ridge

 

Melvin Hill Church  

Fingerville

 

Midway Church  

Mill Spring

 

Mill Creek Church  

Fingerville

 

Morgan Chapel  

Landrum

 

Mountain View Church

Mill Spring

 

New Hope Church  

Fingerville

 

New Testament Church             

Landrum

 

New Zion Church   

Pea Ridge

 

Pacelot Church  

Landrum

 

Pacolet Hills Church 

Landrum

 

Peniel Church   

Mill Spring

 

Piney Grove Church  

Saluda

 

Pleasant Grove Church

Pea Ridge

 

Salem Church    

Pea Ridge

 

Sandy Springs Church

Fingerville

 

Silver Creek Church  

Mill Spring

 

Stateline Church  

Fingerville

 

Stony Knoll Church   

Mill Spring

 

Union Grove Church  

Landrum

 

Victory Church  

Mill Spring

 

Warrior Mountain Church                    

Saluda

 

Wheat Creek Church 

Pea Ridge

 

Zion Grove Church  

Pea Ridge

History of Polk County

Polk was formed in 1855 from Rutherford and Henderson counties. It was named in honor of Colonel William Polk "who rendered distinguished service in the Battles of Germantown, Brandywine and Eutaw, in all of which he was wounded." It is in the southwestern section of the state and is bounded by the state of South Carolina and Henderson and Rutherford counties. The present land area is 237.85 square miles and the 2000 population was 18,324.

The act directed that the court and records should be kept at the home of J. Mills until a courthouse could be erected. It also named commissioners to obtain a site for public buildings, lay out a town by the name of Columbus, and erect a courthouse. Columbus is the county seat. 


By 1540, some 47 years after Columbus discovered the New World, Hernando de Soto had arrived in the mountain country, probably here in Polk County, where he found the Cherokee Tribe already in an advanced state of civilization. The Indians lived in substantially-built log houses. Though accomplished hunters, they subsisted chiefly by their knowledge of agriculture. They raised corn, pumpkins, and beans.

The area was a fine place in which to live, as the first white settlers quickly learned. Several decades before the Revolution a sprinkling of families had set down their roots in the mountain coves in the midst of the Cherokee hunting lands. By 1768 traders were already traveling up the old Blackstock Road from Charleston to bargain for furs and hides. The proximity of the two civilizations resulted in many clashes and much bloodshed. The conflicts became so numerous that the Royal Governor, William Tryon, himself journeyed west from the colonial capital to parley with the Cherokees and negotiate a boundary line.

The new line agreed upon extended from a point near Greenville in South Carolina to the highest peak on White Oak Mountain. When the treaty had been signed, Governor Tryon was flattered to learn that the settlers had named the highest place on White Oak ? Tryon Peak.

Determination of the boundary, however, failed to ensure safety for the pioneers to the east or for Indians to the west. Many vicious raids continued despite the establishment of forts. One of the heroes of the time was the Indian, Skyuka.

As its population slowly increased, the area became a favorite stopping place for drovers transporting livestock from Kentucky and Tennessee to seaboard harbors. With political independence, towns gradually emerged.

Polk, named to honor the Revolutionary War hero, Colonel William Polk, did not achieve county status until 1855. Columbus, the county seat, was named for Dr. Columbus Mills of Mill Spring. One of his ancestors, Colonel Ambrose Mills, was a Loyalist who was hanged by Patriots after his capture at the Battle of Kings Mountain. The town of Columbus is distinguished by an imposing courthouse, built of handmade brick in 1855. The ancient slave block still remains on the courthouse lawn.

Tryon is the largest city in the area and is most unusual in the versatility of its residents. Half the population has migrated from other parts of the country to enjoy the mild climate and beauty of the surrounding countryside. The transplanted residents are chiefly writers, artists, educators, professional people and industrial executives who are fascinated with the tranquility of the community life and who contribute so greatly to the social advantages of the city. The hunting country abounds in large estates and stables to make an equestrian paradise. There are hundreds of miles of marked riding trails. The fox hunts, horse shows, and steeplechase are well known throughout the country.

Saluda, on the county's western border, has long enjoyed fame as a vacation area and place of retirement. Many of the lowcountry people seek its pleasant summer climate as well as the sheer beauty of its mountain setting. Saluda is noted for its fine apple orchards which constitute the main source of farm income.

Other communities such as Mill Spring, Sunny View, and Green Creek have retained the charm of the old South. The local roads are all good and provide easy access. An interstate highway, extending from Charleston to Asheville, provides convenient access from the outside world.

The mountain slopes of the region experience a climatic phenomenon known as the thermal belt. This is due to a temperature inversion which results in a belt, rather indefinite in width, wherein the frosts of the valley - or the freezes of the higher altitudes - do not occur. Botanically, the area is rich in native flora.

Lakes Adger and Lanier provide aquatic sports and fishing. Some of the clear, cold mountain streams offer good trout fishing in season. Golf, riding and hiking attract devotees who need not await appropriate seasons for such outdoor activities.

The county boasts a small museum now housed in the former baggage room of the Southern Railway Station in the heart of Tryon.

The inborn courtesy of the native people makes even daily shopping chores a memorable experience with, "You all come back."

Written by Joseph Placak

- Source: J.D. Lewis - Little River, SC 
 http://www.carolana.com/

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More Information

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 18,324 people, 7,908 households, and 5,337 families residing in the county. The population density was 77 people per square mile (30/km²). There were 9,192 housing units at an average density of 39 per square mile (15/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 92.26% White, 5.89% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.63% from other races, and 0.76% from two or more races. 3.01% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 7,908 households out of which 23.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.30% were married couples living together, 7.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.50% were non-families. 28.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.78.

In the county the population was spread out with 20.10% under the age of 18, 5.80% from 18 to 24, 24.20% from 25 to 44, 26.30% from 45 to 64, and 23.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females there were 90.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,259, and the median income for a family was $45,096. Males had a median income of $29,375 versus $23,070 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,804. 10.10% of the population and 6.40% of families were below the poverty line. 11.70% of those under the age of 18 and 8.80% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.

- Source: Wikipedia